BA4_28-32 Reflecting on the Faults of the Negative Emotions


With video BA4_28-32 Rinpoche gives a teaching on stanzas 28-32 of the fourth chapter of the Bodhicharyavatara, which are the beginning of the section on the importance of carefulness considering the kleshas, or the negative emotions, that we need to free ourselves from. First we reflect on the faults or shortcomings of these negative emotions.

To view the video, simply click on the image to view all the Chapter 4 videos.

If you prefer listening to the teaching in audio, use the audio player below.

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The audio as well as the audio translations in different languages and the transcript of this teaching are all available on Chapter 4 page.

We are also studying the commentary transcript on Chapter 4, which you can download here and in the Library section. Further recommended reading: the commentary book by Kunzang Pelden (Khenpo Kunpal), The Nectar of Manjushri’s Speech, p. 155-156.

You’re questions are most welcome. Please log in and leave your questions for Rinpoche as a comment below, or send them via email to studyquestions[at] It is helpful if you can use one short paragraph and, if possible, less than 80 words. Any questions longer than that may have to be edited so please be concise. Questions will be collected from here on Friday, January 12, 2012, and included in Rinpoche’s answers video. After that date please send any questions relating to this video teaching via email to studyquestions[at]

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4 thoughts on “BA4_28-32 Reflecting on the Faults of the Negative Emotions

  1. Lynda

    dear Rinpoche, it is so good to have the Shedra teachings again, thank you. These stanzas are clearly very important if we are to make any real progress. It sounds to me as if in one sense you have to feel that there is a division in yourself between a strong, courageous part of the self and a destructive part of the self in the form of the kleshas. Is it useful to conceptualise these teachings in this way, that is, a brave part of the self ready to deal with the kleshas?
    deepest regards

  2. Lynda

    dear Rinpoche, I have another question about stanza 32. The idea that the kleshas are much more harmful to us than being tortured and killed challenges my deeply held assumption that the worst possible thing that can happen to a human being is to be killed. I think you explain that the kleshas are more harmful because the suffering they cause can be interminable (unrelenting pain), whereas being killed just happens once then it is over. Is it through really understanding this that we can become less fearful of death and realise the urgency of overcoming the negative emotions?
    thank you

  3. Rik

    Dear Rinpoche, first of all I would like to thank you for these teachings. I think there can never be a way in which I can express my gratitude for receiving them except maybe through practicing them and devoting my life to them. Through this marvelous blessing of the Online Shedra you have placed me on the right path forever and as I said I can never express my gratitude for that. Nevertheless I thank you from the core of my being for your noble work, may it bring all beings to perfect enlightenment.
    Now I took a little break from studying so I’ve started again from the beginning and a few questions came up that I would like your advice about. I hope I’m not taking up too much time and space here. First of all, I haven’t formally taken refuge yet although as soon as I get a chance I will. I recently moved to a pretty remote place and there are no Dharma centers nearby so it isn’t easy for me to get to a place where I can take refuge. I understand the importance of taking it formally but I do take refuge at least every morning and evening. I do believe I have an understanding of refuge through your kind teachings and I also finally have non-returnable faith in the Dharma.
    My question is: is this good enough for now? Will it make my practice more or less as beneficial as it would be if I had formally taken refuge or does formal refuge actually make that big a difference opposed to this personal aspiration/commitment/refuge? Would it be better that I go to a city immediately to take formal refuge so as to make the most of my practice?
    Also, is this “personal refuge” good enough to take the Bodhisattva vows for myself or should I wait until I have formally taken refuge?
    I’m sorry to take up this much space for questions that may not be very important. Thank you for your kindness dear Rinpoche, may we all be able to benefit beings as much as you do.

  4. Pingback: Negative Emotions

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