23.01.1997 – 17.04.1997
From January to April 1997 Ringu Tulku Rinpoche taught this course at Naropa Institute (since 1999 named Naropa University) in Boulder, Colorado, a private university founded by Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche.
The course was based on:
The Madyamika school of Buddhism originates with Nagarjuna in India in the 2nd century C.E., based on the Prajnaparamita Sutras. It refers to the ultimate nature of phenomena and the realization of this in meditation and was a major influence on the development of Mahayana. It holds the view that all phenomena are empty of self existence and that they arise by dependant origination. Madhyamika is sometimes called the “Middle Way” school, because it avoids the two extremes of existence and non-existence.
Shantideva in the 8th century as a scholar of Madhyamika at the Nalanda university wrote the Bodhicharyavatara, the most famous and treasured text of Mahayana Buddhism.
(detailed content list with the transcripts on each chapter page)
Transcribed and Edited by Maggy Jones, Samye Ling, Scotland – 1998, 2007, rev. Langholm, 2021.
Except where stated otherwise, all quotations are taken from the root text, “The Way of the Bodhisattva” translated from Tibetan by the Padmakara Group: Shambhala, 1997. ISBN 1-57062-253-1 and the commentary by Khenchen Kunzang Palden “Nectar of Manjushri’s Speech” included in: “Wisdom: Two Buddhist Commentaries” by Khenchen Kunzang Palden & Minyak Kunzang Sönam. Translated from Tibetan by the Padmakara Translation Group. Peyzac-le-Moustier; Editions Padmakara, 1993. ISBN 2-906949-07-8.
Verse Numbers refer to “Wisdom” Chapter 9 of “Way of the Bodhisattva” by Shantideva translated by Padmakara Translation Group. . Shambhala, 1997. ISBN 1-57062-253-1 Rev. Figures in brackets, e.g.  refer to verse numbers in the root text, Chapter 9, Wisdom.
NOTE: Verse numbers will be similar to those of other translations but not necessarily identical.
The Titles are taken from the structural outline of “Nectar of Manjushri’s Speech”, the commentary by Khenchen Kunzang Palden. “Wisdom: Two Buddhist Commentaries” by Khenchen Kunzang Palden & Minyak Kunzang Sönam. Editions Padmakara, 1993. France, Peyzac-le-Moustier; ISBN 2-906949-07-8.
N.B. This edited version has not been checked for accuracy. There are doubts about some Indian names and terminology that do not appear in the Commentary.
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